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19 Maggio 2019
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Romania

Data on immigration – Dati sull’immigrazione

Population on 1 January 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 19.947.311 19.870.647 19.760.314 19.644.350 19.530.631
Reporting country 19.873.861 19.781.848 19.653.079 19.529.823 19.419.108
Foreign country and stateless 73.434 88.771 107.187 114.462 111.411
Unknown 16 28 48 65 112
Immigration by citizenship 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 136.035 132.795 137.455 177.435 #N/D
Reporting country 123.916 115.485 119.560 146.315 #N/D
EU28 countries except reporting country 1.193 8.245 5.630 9.244 #N/D
Non-EU28 countries nor reporting country 10.880 8.994 12.263 17.510 #N/D
Stateless 31 8 2 95 #N/D
Unknown 15 63 0 4.271 #N/D
Emigration by citizenship 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 172.871 194.718 207.578 242.193 #N/D
Reporting country 171.967 186.129 206.798 221.798 #N/D
EU28 countries except reporting country 487 3.881 574 6.076 #N/D
Non-EU28 countries nor reporting country 246 2.157 134 13.357 #N/D
Stateless 1 0 0 0 #N/D
Unknown 170 2.551 72 962 #N/D
Acquisition of citizenship by former citizenship 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 1.674 2.074 4.527 6.804 #N/D
EU28 countries except reporting country 33 13 7 29 #N/D
Non-EU28 countries nor reporting country 1.636 2.061 4.514 6.455 #N/D
Stateless 0 0 6 : #N/D
Unknown 5 0 0 320 #N/D
Asylum applicants (Non-EU28) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Asylum applicant 1.545 1.260 1.880 4.815 :
First time applicant 1.500 1.225 1.855 4.700 :
Final decisions on applications (Non-EU28) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 170 110 115 185 :
Geneva Convention status 5 10 5 5 :
Humanitarian status 0 0 0 0 :
Rejected 135 65 100 105 :
Subsidiary protection status 30 35 15 75 :
Temporary protection status 0 0 0 0 :
Resettled persons by citizenship 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total 40 0 0 45 :
European Union – 28 countries 0 0 0 0 :
Extra-EU28 40 0 0 45 :
Stateless 0 0 0 0 :
Unknown 0 0 0 0 :
Third country nationals refused entry at the external borders 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Persons refused entry 4.045 4.810 5.390 5.305 #N/D
Refused at the land border 3.485 3.895 4.480 4.465 #N/D
Refused at the sea border 100 80 95 35 #N/D
Refused at the air border 465 835 815 805 #N/D
Third country nationals 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Found to be illegally present 2.335 2.010 2.430 3.340 #N/D
Ordered to leave 2.030 1.930 2.070 1.975 #N/D
Total number of persons returned 2.085 1.995 1.865 1.815 #N/D
Children: Asylum applicants (Non-EU28) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Asylum applicant Less than 14 years 230 195 395 1.180 :
Asylum applicant From 14 to 17 years 145 100 135 415 :
Asylum applicant Less than 18 years 375 295 530 1.595 :
First time applicant Less than 14 years 230 195 395 1.165 :
First time applicant From 14 to 17 years 145 100 135 410 :
First time applicant Less than 18 years 375 295 525 1.575 :
Children: Final decisions on applications (Non-EU28) 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total Less than 14 years 10 10 10 45 :
Total From 14 to 17 years 5 0 5 15 :
Total Less than 18 years 15 15 15 60 :
Geneva Convention status Less than 14 years 0 0 0 0 :
Geneva Convention status From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 :
Geneva Convention status Less than 18 years 0 0 0 0 :
Humanitarian status Less than 14 years 0 0 0 0 :
Humanitarian status From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 :
Humanitarian status Less than 18 years 0 0 0 0 :
Rejected Less than 14 years 5 0 5 20 :
Rejected From 14 to 17 years 0 0 5 5 :
Rejected Less than 18 years 5 0 10 25 :
Subsidiary protection status Less than 14 years 10 10 0 25 :
Subsidiary protection status From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 5 :
Subsidiary protection status Less than 18 years 10 10 0 30 :
Temporary protection status Less than 14 years 0 0 0 0 :
Temporary protection status From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 :
Temporary protection status Less than 18 years 0 0 0 0 :
Children: Resettled persons by citizenship 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total Less than 14 years 15 0 0 15 :
Total From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 5 :
Total Less than 18 years 15 0 0 20 :
European Union – 28 countries Less than 14 years 0 0 0 0 :
European Union – 28 countries From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 :
European Union – 28 countries Less than 18 years 0 0 0 0 :
Extra-EU28 Less than 14 years 15 0 0 15 :
Extra-EU28 From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 5 :
Extra-EU28 Less than 18 years 15 0 0 20 :
Stateless Less than 14 years 0 0 0 0 :
Stateless From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 :
Stateless Less than 18 years 0 0 0 0 :
Unknown Less than 14 years 0 0 0 0 :
Unknown From 14 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 :
Unknown Less than 18 years 0 0 0 0 :
Children: Asylum applicants considered to be unaccompanied minors by citizenship 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Total Less than 14 years 10 5 5 75 :
Total From 14 to 15 years 25 5 10 70 :
Total From 16 to 17 years 65 45 30 115 :
Extra-EU28 Less than 14 years 10 5 5 75 :
Extra-EU28 From 14 to 15 years 25 5 10 70 :
Extra-EU28 From 16 to 17 years 65 45 30 115 :
Stateless Less than 14 years 0 0 0 0 :
Stateless From 14 to 15 years 0 0 0 0 :
Stateless From 16 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 :
Unknown Less than 14 years 0 0 0 0 :
Unknown From 14 to 15 years 0 0 0 0 :
Unknown From 16 to 17 years 0 0 0 0 :
Children: Third country nationals found to be illegally present 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Less than 14 years 140 75 145 395 #N/D
From 14 to 17 years 140 60 105 165 #N/D
Less than 18 years 275 135 250 560 #N/D

European Parliament seats pre- and post- Brexit

Seggi a cui ha/avrà diritto questo Paese pre e post brexit

N. seats
Pre-Brexit 32
Post-Brexit 33

Group of the European Parliament to which the parties (if they do) belong, and percentages of votes detected by the latest polls

Gruppo del Parlamento Europeo a cui afferiscono i partiti (se lo fanno) e percentuali di voti rilevate dagli ultimi sondaggi

Party EPP Group Last poll
Partidul Naţional Liberal EPP 28,00%
Partidul Social Democrat S&D 26,00%
Uniunea Salvați România Reneissance 17,00%
Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților ALDE 9,00%
PRO Romania NI 8,30%
Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România EPP 5,00%
Partidul Mișcarea Populară EPP 4,40%
Other 2,30%