Questa pagina contiene le news più recenti dall’Europa sui temi delle migrazioni.
In essa Fondazione ISMU seleziona regolarmente le ultime novità in termini di proposte legislative, dichiarazioni, decisioni e azioni concrete da parte di Commissione europea, Parlamento europeo, Consiglio d’Europa, Consiglio Europeo, enti e soggetti della società civile su asilo, inclusione sociale, integrazione, dialogo interreligioso e sui molteplici aspetti concernenti il fenomeno dei movimenti migratori.
AGGIORNAMENTI AL 30.11.2020
(24/11) Inclusion for all: Commission presents action plan on Integration and Inclusion 2021-2027. Today, the Commission is presenting the action plan on Integration and Inclusion for the period 2021-2027. The action plan promotes inclusion for all, recognising the important contribution of migrants to the EU and addressing the barriers that can hinder participation and inclusion of people with a migrant background, from newcomers to citizens, in European society. It is built on the principle that inclusive integration requires efforts from both the person and the host community and sets out new actions that build on the achievements of the previous action plan from 2016. Full press release here.
(20/11) Team Europe: European Union and Germany support Senegal with more than €200 million. The European Union (EU) and Germany are supporting Senegal’s fight against the coronavirus pandemic by mobilising €112 million from the EU and €100 million from Germany’s global emergency programme for COVID-19. The funding is part of the overall ‘Team Europe’ envelope intended to support our partners’ efforts to face the coronavirus crisis.The funding will help support the Senegalese government’s Economic and Social Resilience Programme, particularly economic aid measures for businesses and social assistance for the people of Senegal. Full press release here.
(19/11) Tigray conflict: EU humanitarian support to Ethiopian refugees reaching Sudan. As more and more Ethiopian refugees fleeing conflict continue to reach the Sudanese borders, the European Commission is mobilising an initial €4 million in emergency assistance to help support the displaced people arriving in Sudan. Full press release here.
(16/11) European Union backs peace and security in the Democratic Republic of the Congo with new aid for police reform. The European Union (EU) is maintaining its commitment to the security of the people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by earmarking €20 million from the 11th European Development Fund for the Police Reform Support Programme over five years. This brings EU support for police reform up to a total of €60 million. Full press release here.
(12/11) Education and training: basic and digital skills essential for education, work and life. The European Commission published today its annual Education and Training Monitor. The Monitor analyses how education and training is evolving in the EU and its Member States. This year, the 2020 Monitor has a special focus on teaching and learning in the digital age. The coronavirus crisis demonstrated the importance of digital solutions for teaching and learning and highlighted existing weaknesses. The report will be presented during today’s Digital Education Hackathon. Full press release here.
(10/11) The Pact for Skills: mobilising all partners to invest in skills. Commissioners Schmit and Breton have officially launched the Pact for Skills, a central element of the European Skills Agenda. They have also announced the first European skills partnerships in key industrial ecosystems – automotive, microelectronics, and aerospace and defence industries. Skills are central to our recovery from the coronavirus pandemic and for mastering the digital and green transitions. Businesses, large and small, need skilled people to innovate and grow. Yet, mismatches and shortages in skills are increasing, while a large number of people are at risk of unemployment. Only by joining the forces of all relevant partners can we make substantial progress in meeting Europe’s skills needs. Full press release here.
(9/11) Team Europe: The European Union supports the Sahel’s response to the coronavirus pandemic with €92 million. As part of its cooperation with the Sahel, the European Union announced today funding of €92 million to strengthen the response of Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger and Chad to the spread of the coronavirus. The aim is to provide quality health care to the populations and reduce the economic and social impact of the pandemic. Full press release here.
(9/11) EU Trust Fund for Africa mobilises another €22.6 million to foster stability and security in the Sahel and Lake Chad region. The European Union has announced another €22.6 million for five new programmes under the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) to foster stability and security in the Sahel and Lake Chad region. Full press release here.
(6/11) The European Union provides additional €17.2 million to support health systems in Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan. The European Union has approved an additional €17.2 million through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) to support coronavirus preparedness in Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan. The EUTF support to the emergency health response in the Horn of Africa now reaches almost €300 million and another €480 million to minimize the economic impact of the pandemic in the region. Full press release here.
(26/11) MEPs warn of deteriorating fundamental rights in the EU. On Thursday, Parliament adopted its 2018-2019 report on the state of fundamental rights in the EU, identifying multiple areas of concern. MEPs strongly condemn the efforts in some member states to weaken the separation of powers and the independence of the judiciary and reiterate the critical need for an EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights. They point to attacks on media freedom, independence and pluralism, highlighting the democratic role of journalists and whistle-blowers. They also call on member states to refrain from adopting laws that restrict the freedom of assembly, and to put an end to disproportionate and violent interventions by law enforcement authorities. Full press release here.
(19/11) Migration and asylum: time to find balance between solidarity and responsibility. The EU must help member states at the external borders to manage migration flows and ensure that those seeking protection are welcomed in line with its core values. At the opening of the High-level Inter-parliamentary Conference on Migration and Asylum in Europe organised by the European Parliament, EP President David Sassoli stressed that “behind migration figures there are people , each one with their own story”, adding that “they need to be at the heart of any efficient European policy on migration and asylum”. Full press release here.
(11/11) MEPs update role of European Network of Public Employment Services. The Network should enhance the creation of sustainable jobs and help employment services adapt to digitalisation and changing work patterns. On Wednesday, Parliament approved the informal agreement on the enhanced cooperation between Public Employment Services (PES) across the EU with 627 votes in favour, 28 against and 31 abstentions. This vote extends the Network’s mandate until 31 December 2027, while also compelling the Commission to submit an evaluation report by the end of September 2026 to assess the Network’s achievements. Full press release here.
(10/11) Next multiannual financial framework and recovery package: Council presidency reaches political agreement with the European Parliament. The German presidency of the Council today reached a political agreement with the European Parliament’s negotiators in talks aimed at securing the Parliament’s consent to the next multiannual financial framework, the EU’s long-term budget. Full press release here.
(4/11) InvestEU: Council agrees its position on revised Commission proposal. Member states’ EU ambassadors today agreed the Council’s partial mandate for negotiations with the European Parliament on a revised Commission proposal for the InvestEU programme. The aim of InvestEU is to encourage public and private investor participation in financing and investment operations by providing guarantees from the EU budget to address failures and sub-optimal investment situations. The Commission presented a revised proposal for this programme as part of the revised multiannual financial framework and recovery package in May 2020. A key element of the revised proposal was the introduction of a new fifth window for strategic European investments in addition to the previously proposed policy windows for sustainable infrastructure, research, innovation and digitisation, SMEs, and social investment and skills. Full press release here.
(30/10) Reinforcing the Youth Guarantee: the Council adopts a recommendation for more inclusive measures to boost youth employment. Today, the Council adopted by unanimity a Recommendation on ‘A Bridge to Jobs – Reinforcing the Youth Guarantee’. The main aim is to better support youth employment across the EU, in particular during the COVID-19 pandemic, which is bringing back high youth unemployment rates and increasing the number of young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs). The new Youth Guarantee reaffirms the commitment of the EU member states to set up national schemes through which young people can receive an offer of employment, education, traineeship or apprenticeship within a period of four months of becoming unemployed or leaving formal education. At the same time, the recommendation extends the age limit for targeted young people from 25 to up to 29 years and provides for better inclusion of persons from vulnerable groups, such as NEETs, young women and people with disabilities. Full press release here.
(18/11) EASO – Vienna Migration Conference 2020: EASO and ICMPD strengthen cooperation. The Executive Director of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO), Ms Nina Gregori, participated at the Vienna Migration Conference 2020 organised by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) which took place virtually on 18 November 2020. On the margins of the event, EASO and ICMPD virtually exchanged letters which aim at reinforcing cooperation and collaboration. Full press release here.
(13/11) EU Court of Auditors – Performance check for EU programmes: mixed results, while information quality should be further improved. The European Commission’s reporting on how well the EU spending programmes perform shows mixed results, according to a new report published today by the European Court of Auditors (ECA). While the auditors welcome the fact that the reporting keeps improving and is becoming more balanced, they also point to a number of problems: the quality of the Commission’s performance assessments still varies across programmes, and setting robust and informative performance indicators remains a challenge. They also say that the Commission should work with Member States to further ramp up data reliability in its reporting on budget performance. Full press release here.
(12/11) European Ombudsman – Ombudsman opens inquiry to assess European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) ‘Complaints Mechanism’. European Ombudsman Emily O’Reilly has opened an inquiry to look into how the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) deals with alleged breaches of fundamental rights. In particular, the investigation will assess the effectiveness and transparency of Frontex’s Complaints Mechanism for those who believe their rights have been violated in the context of Frontex border operations, as well as the role and independence of Frontex’s ‘Fundamental Rights Officer’. Full press release here.
(12/11) FRA – Updating FRA’s guardianship for unaccompanied children research. FRA held an inception meeting on 11 November with its research network, FRANET, to discuss updating its report on Guardianship systems for children deprived of parental care in the EU. The research will provide an overview of changes to law and practice in the assignment of guardians for the protection of unaccompanied children during the last five years. Discussions focused on the questionnaire, methodology and data collection. The research, to be published in 2021, will cover Serbia and North Macedonia for the first time. Full press release here.
(30/10) EASO – EASO publishes a COI report on Iraq: Security situation. Today, the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) published a Country of Origin Information (COI) Report on the security situation in Iraq. This report is the last of a series of Iraq reports produced in 2020, covering – besides the security situation – also key socio-economic indicators and the targeting of individuals of different profiles. The reports provide information relevant for international protection status determination for Iraqi applicants and will be used to update the EASO Country Guidance on Iraq 2020. The report, Iraq: Security situation, should be read in conjunction with the other reports on Iraq published in 2020. Full press release here.
(29/10) Eurofound – Fewer than 10% of EU businesses offer comprehensive learning opportunities critical to employee performance and well-being, new survey says. The best outcomes in terms of company performance and workplace well-being are obtained in companies where training is valued highly according to the recently published European Company Survey 2019 by EU agencies Eurofound and Cedefop. The survey also reveals how businesses fare better when the responsibility for skills use and skills development is explicitly shared between the employer and their employees. According to the findings, almost all managers (96%) agree training is important for employees to do their current job and most workplaces in the EU offer at least some training, yet only a small number – 9% – offer comprehensive training and learning opportunities to most of their employees. Full press release here.
(30/11) Privacy International – Surveillance Disclosures Show Urgent Need for Reforms to EU Aid Programmes. Privacy International and other campaigners are demanding that the EU enact urgent reforms to development aid and cooperation programmes after disclosures reveal their extensive use to train and equip security forces with surveillance techniques. Full press release here.
(27/11) ECRE – Atlantic Route: Containment, Return, Deterrence – Spain’s Response to Increased Sea Arrivals. The Spanish government does not agree to transferring migrants who arrive in the Canary Islands to the Spanish mainland, despite reception offers from several regions. Instead, it seeks to cooperate with African states on returns and deterrence. Full press release here.
(24/11) ECRE – Joint Statement Last call: The Future Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund. As the European Union (EU) co-legislators are stepping up their efforts to reach an agreement on the next Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF), the undersigned organizations wish to reiterate and update their priorities in light of the new Pact on Migration and Asylum. The present statement builds upon previous collective recommendations and concerns relating to the AMIF proposal highlighted in February 2019 and November 2019. Full statement here.
(20/11) ECRE – Editorial: An Offer You Can’t Refuse: The External Dimension. As the Member States’ reaction to the Pact – hundreds if not thousands of requests for clarification and a redrawing of battle-lines in the two old conflicts East v West and South v North – demonstrates, any agreement on the future of asylum in Europe will be a long time coming. One element bucks the trend, with rapid consensus, progress and agreements reached – unsurprisingly it is that old favourite: “the external dimension”. Full article here.
(10/11) ECRE – Turning rhetoric into reality: New monitoring mechanism at European borders should ensure fundamental rights and accountability. The shocking images of migrants and asylum-seekers abused by Croatian authorities are part of the persistent and well-documented trend of human rights violations taking place at European borders. They are also a reflection of the widespread impunity of European Union (EU) Member States’ border authorities and demonstrate the urgent need to address this in a systematic manner. Full statement here.
(5/11) ELDH – ELDH statement on the new EU ‘Pact on Migration and Asylum’. The Pact on Migration and Asylum published on 23 September 2020, provides a framework to facilitate and justify the obstruction of access to asylum procedures, unlawful returns and refoulement. Although labelled a ‘fresh start’, it retains many highly contentious aspects of the old border policy including a discriminatory fast track border procedure, military and technological border fortification, and an emphasis on containment, detention, deportations and border externalisation. Full press release here.
Caritas Europa – For the European Pillar of Social Rights Action Plan
Council of the EU General Secretariat – Think Tank Review (November)
Council of the EU General Secretariat – Think Tank Review (October)
EU Alliance for Investing in Children – Contribution to the European Commission Public Consultation on the Child Guarantee
European Commission – Analysis of the responses to the public consultation on the integration and inclusion of migrants and people with a migrant background (Synthesis report)
GI-TOC/Clingendael – The Intersection of Irregular Migration and Trafficking in West Africa and the Sahel
Mo Ibrahim Foundation – 2020 Ibrahim Index of African Governance