The basic policy document of the new MS5-Lega government that took office in June 2018 sets out important priorities in the matter of immigration: the introduction of new grounds for deporting asylum seekers in relation to criminal conduct, the implementation of “a serious and effective repatriation policy”, including through detention “for the entire period of time necessary to ensure that the removal is carried out” up to “a maximum of eighteen months”, and guaranteeing the “sustainability” of the social assistance granted to immigrants “taking into account the economic condition of the country”.

At the level of concrete measures the most important is undoubtedly Law Decree No. 113, moreover labelled as fundamental by the government and in particular by the Minister of the Interior Matteo Salvini who pushed strongly for the legislation in question to the point that we can speak of the so-called “Salvini Decree”.