In a historical period when displacement is a daily concern, the Global Compact on Refugees represents the political ambition of the international community to cooperate for the creation of a framework for more predictable and equitable responsibility-sharing (Durieux, 2019). Indeed, it offers a blueprint for governments, international organizations, and other stakeholders to provide benefits both for refugees and the communities that host them, ensuring, on the one hand, that host communities get the support they need and, on the other, that refugees can lead productive lives.
The purpose of this paper is to delineate the process which led to the adoption of the Compact, illustrating the characteristics and the content of this non-binding instrument, trying to assess whether any of its objectives would result feasible and whether it could be the answer to the challenges posed by high numbers of refugees registered nowadays. Then, we would draw a panoramic of the current situation in some countries, in order to highlight the progresses of its implementation around the world and focusing on the role played by each State during the phase of consultations before its adoption. Considering that the GCR has originated less than one year ago, it will be hard to individuate consistent step forward in the achievement of its objectives, but it will however be useful to delineate the state of play.