InfoFlash dall’Europa

Questa pagina contiene le news più recenti dall’Europa sui temi delle migrazioni. In essa Fondazione ISMU seleziona regolarmente le ultime novità in termini di proposte legislative, dichiarazioni, decisioni e azioni concrete da parte di Commissione europea, Parlamento europeo, Consiglio d’Europa, Consiglio Europeo, enti e soggetti della società civile su asilo, inclusione sociale, integrazione, dialogo interreligioso e sui molteplici aspetti concernenti il fenomeno dei movimenti migratori.

Aggiornamenti al 29.10.2019

(23/10) Europeans show continued support for international development. This year’s Eurobarometer survey on EU development cooperation shows a widespread consensus amongst European citizens on the importance of international cooperation and development. Almost 9 in 10 EU citizens say that development cooperation is important to support people in developing countries, confirming the trend observed over the last years. It makes development cooperation one of the most positively perceived EU policies. Full press release here.

(21/10) Libya: €2 million in humanitarian assistance to cover basic needs As many continue to suffer from the ongoing conflict in Libya, the European Commission has announced today €2 million in additional humanitarian aid to help those most in need. The assistance will cover emergency health care services, food, livelihood support and protection services. Full press release here.

(16/10) European Agenda on Migration four years on: Marked progress needs consolidating in face of volatile situation. Ahead of the October European Council, the Commission is today reporting on key progress under the European Agenda on Migration since 2015, with focus on steps taken by the EU since the last progress report in March 2019. The Commission also set out those areas where work must continue to address current and future migration challenges. When the migration crisis broke out in 2015, the EU took swift and determined action to face exceptional challenges through common European solutions. Over the past 4 years, the basis for a strong collective EU migration policy and new tools and procedures for efficient coordination and cooperation are now in place. The EU is better equipped than ever before to provide operational and financial support to Member States under pressure, manage the external borders and work in partnership with countries outside the EU. However, more efforts are needed to complete this work and make the EU’s migration policy truly future-proof, effective and resilient. Full press release here.

(10/10) Mozambique: EU channels further €10 million in humanitarian aid. The European Commission is mobilising an additional €10 million in humanitarian assistance for the many still dealing with the consequences of the two unprecedented tropical cyclones that hit Mozambique in 2019. Full press release here.

(8/10) EU budget 2021-2027, update on Brexit, Migration and geopolitical developments. Ahead of the European Council meeting on 17 and 18 October, the European Commission called on EU Heads of State or Government to provide political guidance and new impetus to the negotiations in order to reach an agreement on a fair, balanced and modern long-term EU budget for the period 2021-2027 before the end of this year. The next multiannual financial framework should be fit for the challenges of today and tomorrow so it can enable the EU delivering on the expectations of citizens. In a Communication published today, the European Commission outlined the main points that need consideration and a clear steer by EU Leaders in order to reach a swift agreement. Full press release here.

(4/10) The European Union is strengthening its partnership with Senegal with €27.5 million. During a visit to Senegal, the Member of the Commission in charge of International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica, signed cooperation programmes for a total of €27.5 million. The programmes will increase access to electricity and renewable energies, and boost support to civil society and the technical implementation of development cooperation with Senegal. Commissioner Mimica said: ‘These programmes, worth €27.5 million in total, will support inclusive and sustainable development in Senegal, in the spirit of our Africa-Europe Alliance for Sustainable Investment and Jobs. The European Union remains at Senegal’s side to strengthen political dialogue between the authorities and civil society, and to improve the Senegalese people’s living conditions. Full press release here.

(28/09) New Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific – European Union Partnership: Chief negotiators agree on economic priorities for future agreement. Meeting in New York today in the margins of the United Nations General Assembly, the chief negotiators Commissioner Mimica and Togolese Minister Robert Dussey further specified the economic framework of future relations between African, Caribbean and Pacific countries with the European Union after 2020. Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development and the EU’s Chief Negotiator Neven Mimica said: “One year after launching our negotiations, the shape of the future agreement is becoming more precise with every day. Today, we endorsed the text on the economic priorities that aim to boost growth, jobs, and better living conditions for all. But the clock is ticking, and I am counting on all partners to put in the necessary efforts to soon deliver an agreement that we all want: modern and ambitious.” Robert Dussey, Togo’s Minister for Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Africa Integration, the ACP’s Chief Negotiator and Chair of the Ministerial Central Negotiating Group, said: “We are delighted with the work our negotiators have done since our last meeting. We have made excellent progress together, and I thank all those who have worked steadfastly to advance the common foundation and the regional protocols. We uphold our commitment to conclude an Agreement that will produce a win-win outcome for both the ACP and the EU.” Full press release here.

(26/09) Central African Republic: EU mobilises additional 60 million euros. In the margins of the United Nations General Assembly, Neven Mimica, the Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, met the President of the Central African Republic, Faustin-Archange Touadéra. Speaking on that occasion, the Commissioner announced that an additional 60 million euros would be made available to support the implementation of the peace agreement signed in February. This brings the EU’s total financial support for the Central African Republic (CAR) to 442 million euros for 2014-2020. Full press release here.

(25/10) FRA – Legal pathways to Europe needed to help curb human smuggling. The recent tragedy where 39 people were found dead in a lorry in the UK underlined the extreme price people pay to unscrupulous people smugglers. In the wake of this, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) reiterates its call for more safe legal pathways to Europe to help stem the tide of human smuggling. Full press release here.

(17/10) FRA – Ending child poverty: valuing children’s best interests. One in four children under 18 are at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the European Union – one of the world’s richest regions. But the promotion and protection of the rights of the child are one of the EU’s core objectives. On International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, FRA calls once again on the EU and its Member States, all parties to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, to prioritise investment areas to reduce child poverty to the levels aspired to by the sustainable development goal (SDG 1) on poverty. Full press release here.

(15/10) EASO – EASO continues to make improvements in its governance. EASO takes the findings of the European Court of Auditors (ECA) seriously and continues to ensure that improvements are implemented swiftly. EASO also welcomes the acknowledgment by ECA of the concrete and positive steps taken to improve the Agency’s governance, which was recognised by the European Parliament in September 2019. A Governance Action Plan is being implemented to restore trust in the Agency, to reinforce the internal governance framework and internal control, and to rebuild internal capacity. To date, most of the key measures foreseen in the plan have been completed (48 actions out of 61), including a long-term recruitment plan, through which the total staff count of the Agency has increased to 308 to date. The Governance Action Plan also puts emphasis on procurement and contract management. A number of measures have been implemented to guarantee full compliance with procurement rules and sound financial management. Concerning the ECA finding on the irregularity of one procurement procedure in 2018, EASO will take corrective action while ensuring business continuity. Full press release here.

(8/10) EASO – Over 900 EASO personnel deployed in operations in four EU Member States. The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) has reached unprecedented levels of operational activity in supporting the asylum authorities of Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Malta. At the end of September 2019, 926 personnel were operating under the EASO banner in these Member States, including EASO staff, deployed Member State experts, locally contracted personnel and interpreters. This figure varies between 900-1000 personnel on a weekly basis based on deployment rotations. Full press release here.

(25/09) EASO – EASO’s 2020 Work Programme adopted by EASO Management Board. On 24-25 September 2019, the 33rd meeting of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) Management Board was held at the Agency’s Headquarters in Malta to take stock of the latest developments in support of the implementation of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). The Management Board formally adopted the Single Programming Document (SPD) 2020-2022, including the 2020 Work Programme and Budget. This adoption paves the way for EASO to continue ramping up its already substantial support for Member States’ asylum authorities, most notably in terms of operational assistance. The adoption of the 2020 EASO Budget is subject to the overall adoption of the EU’s budget for 2020 by legislators in Brussels. The Agency is currently providing more operational support than ever before and is now active on the ground in Malta, Cyprus, Italy and Greece, with hundreds of deployed officials, including Member State experts. EASO has also taken on a central role in coordinating the processing of individuals arriving on rescue boats in Malta and Italy over the past few months, and the relocation to Member States who have volunteered to take responsibility for their cases. This ad hoc disembarkation and relocation was discussed by a group of EU Home Affairs ministers in Malta on Monday, 23 September, and will be further discussed at the Justice and Home Affairs Council meeting in Luxembourg on 8 October. Full press release here.

(18/09) FRA – Children’s best interests take priority in migrant returns. Last year, almost 20,000 unaccompanied children sought asylum in the EU; some inevitably have to leave. FRA’s latest focus paper guides national authorities when deciding whether to return children, not accompanied by parents, to their home countries to ensure compliance with EU and international law. The Returning unaccompanied children: fundamental rights considerations focus paper looks at children who are not with their parent or primary carer and may be subject to return procedures. Full press release here.

(17/09) EASO – Asylum applications up by 26% in July, but remain dramatically lower than during the 2015-2016 crisis. In July 2019, the monthly number of applications for international protection lodged in the 30 EU+ countries (European Union Member States plus Norway and Switzerland) reached approximately 62,900, a 26% increase compared to June. This is slightly higher than in July 2018 (59,375) and roughly the same as in July 2017 (62,040). Since the start of the year, some 400,500 applications were lodged in the EU+, up by 11% compared to the same period of 2018. This increase has roughly remained uniform throughout 2019, suggesting that this year’s increases when compared to 2018 are stable so far, broadly returning to 2017 levels. These levels remain dramatically lower than during the 2015-2016 migration crisis. July 2016 saw almost 122,000 applications in the EU+. Syrians, Afghans and Venezuelans lodged a quarter of all applications. Full press release here.

(12/09) FRA – Women-friendly measures to drive better migrant integration. Migrant women face multiple challenges fully integrating into European society. This is often due to inequalities resulting from the combined effect of their gender, migrant status and ethnic background, as FRA’s latest report testifies. It underlines the need for targeted, gender-sensitive measures to compensate for such inequalities. Full press release here.

(18/08) FRA – Give migrant youth a chance. Across the EU, various promising initiatives have sprung up to support young migrants become part of European society, following the large-scale influx of migrants and refugees to the EU. Marking International Youth Day on 12 August, FRA draws attention to their situation and urges Member States to do more to help them fully integrate. Across the EU, various promising initiatives have sprung up to support young migrants become part of European society, following the large-scale influx of migrants and refugees to the EU. Marking International Youth Day on 12 August, FRA draws attention to their situation and urges Member States to do more to help them fully integrate. Full press release here.

(25/10) Social Platform – Special Eurobarometer released on discrimination in the European Union. On 23 October, a special Eurobarometer report was released, painting a picture of the situation of discrimination in the European Union. This came at critical point in time, just one day before the EPSCO Council (Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council configuration) held a wider discussion on anti-discrimination legislation in the EU. The results rate how comfortable respondents are with people belonging to groups at risk of discrimination a) taking public office, b) being a co-worker, and c) being in a romantic relationship with their children. Different grounds for discrimination covered by the report include gender, age, race or ethnicity, sexual orientation, religion or belief, and disability. Full press release here.

(22/10) Social Platform – The European Institute for Gender Equality publishes its 2019 Gender Equality Index. Still far from the finish line is the summary of the 2019 index, which was launched by the European Institute for Gender Equality in Brussels on 15 October. The index is an annual measuring tool aimed at tracking progress made in achieving gender equality in the EU across six different domains: work, money, knowledge, power, time and health. The average index score across all six domains is 67.4 out of 100, clearly showing that more efforts and commitments are needed to make further progress on gender equality in the European Union. Full press release here.

(18/10) ECRE – Med: Alarming Numbers of Interceptions. While this week over 500 people have been rescued and brought to Europe by civilian and state agents more than 200 have been intercepted before reaching Europe. According to a UN report more than half of people departing from Libya have been returned to places where they may face abuse and torture. Full press release here.

(18/10) ECRE – Commission 4-year-Progress Report Lists Fall in Arrivals as Key Achievement. The European Commission has delivered its “Progress report on the Implementation of the European Agenda on Migration” four years after its conception in 2015. As key achievement the report highlights the fact that irregular border crossings into the EU fell to 150,000 in 2018. Full press release here.

(18/10) ECRE – Asylum Authorities: an Overview of Internal Structures and Available Resources. A comparative report published by AIDA, managed by ECRE, provides an overview of the structure, composition and functioning of asylum authorities at first instance. It aims to offer a better understanding of their operation and demonstrates that their ability to conduct a rigorous and fair examination of applications for international protection is inherent to their internal organisation and resources. Full press release here.

(11/10) ECRE – Weekly Editorial: Disembarkation – Are We Nearly There Yet? In the last few weeks, some progress has been made on the temporary arrangements for disembarkation and relocation in the Mediterranean, first at a special meeting in Valletta and at the Justice and Home Affairs Council in Luxembourg on Tuesday. ECRE offers a cautious welcome to these developments: welcome because there are more positive than negative elements but cautious because undesirable points still find their way in. The agreement now needs to be finalised and expanded. Full press release here.

(11/10) ECRE – ECtHR: Freedom of the Press to Report on the Living Conditions in Reception Centres. The European Court of Human Rights ruled this week that refusing a journalist access to report on living conditions in a reception centre for asylum seekers is a violation of freedom of expression. In this case, a journalist requested access to Debrecen Reception Centre in Hungary to conduct interviews and report on the living conditions of the facility. The request was rejected by national authorities on the basis that media interest in reception centres would interfere with the private lives of individuals accommodated there. The journalist raised a complaint that this restriction prevented first hand reporting on the circumstances of asylum seekers in reception centres, and violated his right to freedom of expression. Moreover, the applicant argued that the scope of Article 10 ECHR should not be limited to the sharing of information that the government has explicitly deemed permissible to reveal. Full press release here.

(11/10) ECRE – Italy: List of 13 Safe Countries of Origin to Boost Return Policies. On October 4 the Italian government signed a decree establishing a list of countries designated as “safe countries of origin”. The concept was introduced for the first time in the Italian asylum procedure following the 2018 legislative reform and its implementation comes as part of a plan by the Minister of Foreign Affairs to facilitate the return of asylum seekers to their countries of origin. Full press release here.

(11/10) ECRE – Launch of Initiative on Eastern Mediterranean Route as further Displacements Looms. On Tuesday, Greece, Cyprus and Bulgaria announced the launch of the Eastern Mediterranean Migration Route Initiative (EMMI). They called upon the EU to make further resources available to countries along the route and to implement a relocation mechanism. The joint initiative comes amid concern over Turkish operations in Northern Syria sparking an increase of arrivals over the Eastern Mediterranean. Full press release here.

 (4/10) ECRE – Thousands Forced to Niger Escaping Violence in Northern Nigeria. According to the UNHCR, brutal violence by organized armed groups in northwest Nigeria forced more than 40,000 people to cross the border into Niger. The brutal attacks, which intensified over the last ten months, are indiscriminately targeting civilian men, women and children. Full press release here.

(4/10) ECRE – Renewed Critical Focus on Frontex Internal Reporting. serious incident reported by independent observers during a Frontex facilitated deportation flight from Germany to Afghanistan in August 2018 was not included in the internal report from the EU Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex). The modest number of incidents reported has generated questions about the efficiency of internal reporting. Full press release here.

(4/10) ECRE – Weekly Editorial: European Agendas on Migration: Risk and Dilemma for EU Foreign Policy. In a valedictory speech today, outgoing EU High Representative for Foreign Policy, Federica Mogherini, summarised the achievements of her five years in the job. It is fair to acknowledge her successes: a continuation and defence of multilateralism despite the backlash against it from tin pot and golden palace demagogues – from Orbàn on the GCM to Trump on everything; the EU Global Strategy, used as guide; defence cooperation; support to accession of the Western Balkans (although describing the EU’s work as “incredible” might be stretching it…); and efforts to build resilience in Ukraine. Full press release here.

(3/10) Caritas Europa – Caritas Europa: Caritas Europa welcomes first step towards more solidarity among states for asylum seekers rescued at sea. Caritas Europa welcomes the agreement on the disembarkation and relocation of asylum seekers rescued in the Central Mediterranean Sea reached in Malta on 23 September by France, Germany, Italy and Malta. This agreement will be presented to the EU ministers of interior and migration at the Justice and Home Affairs Council of 7-8 October in Luxembourg. Caritas Europa calls on the other EU Member States to sign up to this agreement. Full press release here.

(27/09) ECRE – Commission Express Commitment to Turkey Agreement as Situation Continues to Worsen in Greece. While the EU Commission signals awareness of the increase in arrivals to Greece and principle willingness to assist, it also underlines that the current number of arrivals remains 91 per cent lower than during the period prior to the EU Turkey agreement in 2016. Despite weekly transfers to the mainland the hotspots and migrant centres in the Greek islands hosting 29,000 people are severely overcrowded with Moria on Lesvos hosting 12.000 people or four times its capacity.Full press release here.

(27/09) ECRE – Operation Sophia: Ships Remain Suspended while Support of Libyan ‘Coast Guard’ Continues. EU talks in Malta and a more lenient policy of the new Italian government stirs hope for an end to Stand-offs for civilian rescue ships. Amid further rescues by national authorities, no EU-led Search and Rescue (SAR) operation is in sight. With the extension of the mandate for Operation Sophia training of the so-called Libyan coastguard continues. The NGO Alarm Phone reports that, on Thursday, 40 people were rescued in Italian waters and brought to the island of Lampedusa after the NGO had alerted the authorities of a boat in distress. Full press release here.