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ISMUNEWS 51, DECEMBER 2014

TOP STORIES

¨      Metropolis 2014, the numbers of a success
¨      The ISMU Foundation contributed to the preparation of the 5th Ministerial Conference on Integration

NEWS ON MIGRANTS IN  ITALY

¨      Foreign students increase at historic low
¨      It continues the trend of foreigners leaving Italy
¨      Asylum seekers, 25.000 demands in the first half of 2014
¨      Number of foreign inmates in Italy drops

ISMU FOUNDATION PROJECTS

¨      The outcome of the KIng project on the integration on migrants in Europe will be presented on February 20th in Barcelona
¨      Diversity Improvement as a Viable Enrichment Resource for the Society and the Economy (DIVERSE)

NEW BOOK RELEASES

¨      The Twentieth ISMU Report on Migration
¨      Democracy and Citizenship in the 21st Century
¨      Unaccompanied foreign minors in Italy. Challenges and perspectives

TOP STORIES

— Metropolis 2014, the numbers of a success

The International Metropolis Conference 2014 (www.metropolis2014.eu) holds a special place among the events supported by the Italian Presidency of the Council of the European Union, as it is the most important global forum on Migrations and the first event of Expo 2015. Organized by the ISMU Foundation, the five-day conference (November 3th to 7th) hosted eight plenary sessions and 81 workshops, touching the most important issues concerning the phenomenon of migration.

About 740 people took part in the event, most of them coming from abroad (55% of participants) and 200 journalists. Among the speakers were some of the world’s leading experts in the field of migration, including: William L. Swing, Director General of the International Organization for Migration (IOM); Hein De Haas, University of Oxford; Volker Turk, Director of International Protection, UNHCR; Elizabeth Collett, Migration Policy Institute Europe; Yves Pascouau, European Policy Centre; Laura Corrado, the European Commission; Laura Zanfrini, Professor at the Catholic University of Milan and Director of the Economy and Labour unit at ISMU Foundation; Howard Duncan, Executive Head of the Metropolis Project.

The Conference also saw the contribution of high-level representatives of Italian authorities dealing with migration, in particular the Prefect Mario Morcone, Head of Department of Civil Liberties and Immigration, and the Prefect Sandra Sarti, Deputy Head of Cabinet of the Ministry of Interior.

You can find 29 interviews with the experts who spoke during the Conference here

Metropolis 2014 is the first event of Expo 2015 “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life”. For this reason, the fifth plenary session was devoted to food, migration and culture. Speakers dealt with the complex link between food and migration as a lens through which to explore the proliferation of cultural industries and productive diversity in cities.

Other plenary sessions addressed the issue of refugees and irregular migrants flows in Europe, the role of integration policies in preventing the spread of xenophobia, migration flows in the Mediterranean, the EU agenda on migration policies for the following years, the crucial role of the media in presenting the phenomenon of migration to the public.

– The conference materials are available here
– For materials and slides on the 81 workshops see here
– For the complete press releases of each Conference day see here:

Twitter (@Metropolis2014) and Facebook (www.facebook.com/metropolis2014)

— The ISMU Foundation contributed to the preparation of the 5th Ministerial Conference on Integration

The ISMU Foundation took part in the 5th Ministerial Conference on Integration:”Migration and Integration: A global approach to human mobility. A well-managed migration for a better integration”. The conference was organized by the Italian Ministry of Interior – Department for Civil Liberties and Immigration, in collaboration with the Italian Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, in the context of the initiatives of the Italian Presidency of the Council of the European Union and was held in Milan on 5th and 6th November 2014th. The Conference brought together Ministers and Representatives of the 28 Member States to discuss issues related to the integration of citizens of third countries in the EU.

The ISMU Foundation was recruited to draw up the Background Note of the Conference, edited by Vincenzo Cesareo, Guia Gilardoni, Marina D’Odorico, Giulia Mezzetti and Roberto Cortinovis. The Background Note touches upon some of the most relevant issues currently faced by the EU in the fields of asylum and integration. In particular, the Background Note proposes a set of policy recommendations for improving the implementation of the Common Basic Principles of Immigrant Integration in the EU (commonly known as CBPs).

The Background Note took into account the results of the research project KING – Knowledge for INtegration Governance, coordinated by the ISMU Foundation and funded by the European Commission with the support of the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals (Community Action).

At the end of the conference the representatives of the 28 States agreed on an Outcome of Proceedings, which includes a shared commitment to address integration issues following a holist approach, and with a focus on non-discrimination, mainstreaming and monitoring of integration policies at all levels of government.

For further information see here

NEWS ON MIGRANT POPULATION IN ITALY

— Foreign students increase at historic low
A small 2% increase in school year 2013/2014

The annual increase of non-Italian students in the school year 2013/2014 was of only of 2%, compared to the 4% of the previous year, as reported by the Ministry of Education report “Foreign students in the Italian school system. School Year. 2013/2014 “.

The overall number of foreign students crossed the threshold of 800.000 (7.000 more than in the previous year. For the first time, the number of non-Italian students involved in secondary school of level I decreased, dropping below 170.000 people. On the contrary, it was recorded an increase among the students of secondary school of II level (182.000). The largest share of foreign students is recorded in kindergartens (168.000 students) and in primary school (283.000).

The same report stated that in 2013-2014, 31.000 students had their first contact with the Italian school system: an increase of 35% compared to 23.000 students of the previous school year.

Already in the last school year (2012-2013), it had been observed for the first time a decrease of foreign students born abroad (then 6.000) compared to a continuous increase of foreign students born in Italy (37.000). This trend continued during the school year 2013.2104 so that, for the first time in Italian history, foreign students born in Italy exceeded those born abroad (415.000 to 388.000). In particular, while foreigners born in Italy saw an increase of 44.000 units in the last year, foreigners born abroad experienced a decrease of 28.000 units in the same year.

—  It continues the trend of foreigners leaving Italy

Resident migrants who left Italy are about 250.000 – 300.000

The 2011 Census estimated that foreigners living in Italy are 800.000 less compared to the official number recorded in the Registry office. On the basis of the data included in the the 2011 Census, ISTAT (The Italian National Institute of Statistics) recalculated that foreign people that moved abroad in the years before the Census have been about 200 thousand a year instead of the few thousands previously recorded.

With regard to the years 2012 and 2013, ISTAT reports 40.000 official cancellations of foreigners per year from the Registry Office. However, if we apply the same measurement criteria used for the previous calculation, we can assume that foreign residents who left Italy in 2012 and 2013 were about 250-300 thousand per year.

— Asylum seekers, 25.000 demands in the first half of 2014

But the majority of people arriving in Italy is heading towards Northern Europe

As stated in the press release of the 20th ISMU Report on Migration 1994-2014, Italy received 29.000 asylum applications in 2013; this marked a significant increase compared to 2012 (+ 10.000).

The share of asylum seekers received by Italy, however, is small if compared to that of Germany, which collected 110 .000 demands in the same year (+ 45.000 compared to 2012). Germany is followed by France with 60.000 demands and Sweden with 54.000 .

In 2013, over 80% of people entitled to receive some form of international protection (because they come from countries such as Eritrea, Somalia, Syria) arrived in Italy by sea, but only a part of the 43.000 people “landed” has actually applied for international protection in Italy, preferring instead to pass through Italy without being recorded, in order to seek asylum in other European countries.

Moreover, in the first half of 2014, 25.000 asylum applications, almost the same number as for the entire 2013. While such increase in the number of asylum seekers is connected with the surge in the number of unauthorized entries by sea (154.000 from January to November 2014), it should be recalled that the majority of “boat people” continue to show a strong attitude towards transiting trough Italy in order to seek international protection elsewhere in Europe.

 — Number of Foreign inmates in Italy drops

At November 1st 2014 foreign inmates are 18.000, out of a total of 54.000

On November 1st 2014, less than a third (33%) of the Italian prison population (about 18.000 units out of a total population of over 54 thousand) was made up of foreign people, compared to 35% of the same date in the last year, and compared to 36% of two years ago. More specifically, foreign people in Italian prisons accounted for 12% of the inmates, 30% of those with a definitive sentence, 36% of those whose sentence is not definitive and above 41% of those who were awaiting for the trial.

ISMU FOUNDATION PROJECTS

— The outcome of the King project on the integration on migrants in Europe will be presented on February 20th in Barcelona

 King (Knowledge for INtegration Governance) is a research project coordinated by the ISMU Foundation and co-funded by the European Commission with the support of the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals (Community Action).

The objective of the project is to elaborate a report on the state of play of migrant integration in Europe through an interdisciplinary approach and to provide decision- and policy-makers with evidence-based recommendations on the design of migrant integration-related policies and on the way they should be articulated between different policy-making levels of governance.

The Final Report of the project will be presented in Barcelona (Spain) on February 20, 2015.

www.king.ismu.org    –  @KING_Project_EU

— Diversity Improvement as a Viable Enrichment Resource for the Society and the Economy (DIVERSE)

The ISMU Foundation will be involved during the next months in the dissemination of results and operational guidelines that are emerging from the international project “Diversity Improvement as a Viable Enrichment Resource for the Society and the Economy” (DIVERSE).

The project, coordinated by the Research Centre WWELL of the Catholic University of Milan, involves 14 partners in ten European Union countries: Italy, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Hungary.

Through a rich calendar of initiatives related to research, experimentation and awareness raising, the project aims to enhance the human capital of migrants improving practices for the recognition of their qualifications and their informal knowledge, enhancing their knowledge and their skills and making these a competitive lever for the performance of businesses and other organizations, promoting their participation in voluntary activities. The project aims to reassess the European integration model, still trapped in the “guest worker” syndrome, by transforming diversity from a problem to manage into a strategic resource for economic and social development of European societies.

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NEW BOOK RELEASES

— The Twentieth ISMU Report on Migration

It is now available “The Twentieth Report on Migration: 1994-2014.” In this edition of the Report, Ismu Foundation analyzes the migration flows in the last two decades. This edition of the Report analyzes migration flows in Italy during the last two decades. The Report highlights that the last twenty years have seen a growth of the presence of foreign people in Italy from 750 thousand to 5 million and a half, marking the final transformation of Italy as a country of emigration to a country of immigration

For further information see here

— Democracy and Citizenship in the 21st Century

The volume “Democracy and Citinzenship. Critical Issues and Perspectives”  “(Milan, McGraw-Hill, 2014, in English), edited by Ennio Codini and Marina D’Odorico, analyses citizenship legislation in some European countries, Australia and the United States, focusing on the rules for citizenship acquisition addressed to migrants, refugees and their children.

For further information see here

— Unaccompanied  minors in Italy. Challenges and opportunities

The volume “Unaccompanied Foreign Minors in Italy. Challenges and Perspectives” (Milan, McGraw-Hill, 2014, in italian) edited by Giovanni Giulio Valtolina Valtolina, includes contributions from Rita Bichi, (Catholic University of Milan), Francesca Biondi Dal Monte and Serena Matarese (General Directorate of Immigration and Policies Integration, Ministry of Labour and Social Policies, Rome), Monia Giovannetti and Luca Pacini (ANCI, Rome), Giovanni Giulio Valtolina (ISMU Foundation, Milan) and the Office of Coordination of IOM for the Mediterranean in Rome.

The volumes addresses the main issues related to unaccompanied minors in Italy and has a twofold objective. The first objective is to contribute to the understanding of the phenomenon of unaccompanied minors in Italy in all its different dimensions. The second objective is to provide insights for improving procedures and interventions, capitalizing on best practices and addressing critical issues.

For further information see here

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